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Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Industry & Innovation
Previous literature on innovation in developing countries has studied the relevance of public policies and support organisations, which can compensate for the weaknesses of local innovation networks. However, from a social network approach, this issue remains understudied. Aiming to fill this gap, this paper analyses the role of support organisations in four cluster networks of Uruguay.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Hacienda Pública Española
This paper analyses the cyclical fluctuations of public social cash transfers and its components in Uruguay over 1988/Q1 to 2016/Q3. The unobservable cyclical components are extracted from the observable time series using different empirical strategies. The results show that components of public social cash transfers are procyclical and lag the macroeconomics fluctuations. This enables us to say that instead of these cash transfers contributing to stabilizing the Uruguayan economy they have thereby aggravated the business cycle, and through various expenditure items expose the vulnerable groups of society to more adverse economic conditions
Autor/es: Galaso, Pablo; Jaromir Kovarik
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Papers in Regional Science
The relationship between collaboration, geography and innovation has been analysed in economic geography. However, little is known from a social‐network perspective about whether different geographical levels of embeddedness may determine the way networks affect innovation. To address this issue, we compare the effects of regional vs. country‐level Spanish networks on future patenting. If we consider the country‐wide network, our statistical analysis reproduces the findings of the previous literature. However, negative effects prevail at the regional level, while the influence seems to be rather positive at the country level. We thus conclude that the embeddedness at different geographical scales exerts differing influence on innovation.
Autor/es: Galaso, Pablo; Ángeles Sánchez Díez
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Applied Econometrics and International Development
This article studies the transnational corporations’ ownership and investment relationships between countries. Using Thomson Reuters SDC Platinum database on mergers and acquisitions and social network analysis techniques, the paper analyzes the international mergers and acquisitions network (IMAN), where vertices are 211 countries and edges represent the flow of international mergers and acquisitions between them. After elaborating the IMAN, it estimates the fitness of Borgatti and Everett (2000) core-periphery model to the network. Furthermore, it analyzes the fitness evolution between 1999 and 2013 and identifies core, semi-periphery and periphery countries. Results confirm the existence of a sharp and persistent coreperiphery structure in the relations between countries. The core is made of only 15 nations that are almost completely interconnected among them and responsible for most of investments in transnational corporations. 41 semi-peripheral countries are relatively well connected while achieving about one fourth of investments. Finally, the remaining 155 nations in the periphery are mostly disconnected among them and only receive marginal investments from the core and semi-periphery nations. These results reveal that the ownership and control of the means of production at the global level is driven by polarized and unequal relationships between countries.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Estudios de Economía
In this paper we analyze the impact of exchange rate uncertainty on export flows among a panel of 27 countries throughout the 1994/01-2014/12 period. In order to do this, we apply a panel vector autoregressive model approach. By dividing the panel into two subgroups that involve manufacturing-exporting and commodity-exporting economies, we observe a different effect of exchange rate uncertainty on exports. This has a negative impact in manufacturing-exporting countries, but does not affect commodity-exporting countries. This result appears to be explained by countries’ economics characteristics, involving the flexibility or rigidities of the export adjustment arising exchange rate uncertainty.
Autor/es: Galaso, Pablo; Olga Biosca
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Springer, Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance
Social policy networks consisting of diverse and independent organizations are a popular instrument to implement policy at community level. However, little is known about the way in which different types of organizations collaborate in these networks and if these interactions depend on the nature of their funding (public/private) and/or their remit of activity. These characteristics have implications on the type of resources organizations might depend on and, therefore, on their participation in networks. The type of the links established in these interorganizational arrangements varies in terms of the resources that organizations depend on to address power imbalances.
Autor/es: Galaso, Pablo; Olga Biosca
Editorial: International Journal of Public Administration
Networks of organizations involved in public policy implementation require strong interaction, concerted action and high degrees of collaboration to be effective. However, little is known about how different types of organizations involved in implementation of multi-sectoral social policies interact in these networks. In this article the relationship between organizational characteristics and network position is explored, as well as how the intensity of collaborations can also determine organizations’ involvement in networks. The nature of funding (public/private) and the remit of activity of organizations are found to determine their influence and importance in social policy networks. Furthermore, the network position of the organizations also depends on the level of intensity of their interactions. These results can guide public administrators when developing and promoting networks to involve a particular type of actor and also policymakers as to which types of ties are more aligned with the implementation of a particular policy.
Autor/es: Lanzilotta, Bibiana; Brida, J.G., Lanzilotta, B., Carve, V.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Revista de Estudios Regionales
El trabajo analiza la relación causal entre la inversión pública en infraestructura vial y el crecimiento económico en Uruguay. A partir de información del gasto público en infraestructura vial para el período 1988-2014, se estudia su relación de largo y corto plazo con el crecimiento económico sobre la base de análisis de cointegración y modelos de corrección al equilibrio
Autor/es: Rodríguez Miranda, Adrián ; Boza, S, Nuñez, A.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies
El cooperativismo agrario es un fenómeno arraigado en América Latina, al tiempo que el desarrollo territorial está cada vez más presente en las políticas públicas y en las estrategias de las comunidades. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo analizar las prácticas y visiones de los socios de dos cooperativas agrarias en Chile y Uruguay, desde un marco conceptual elaborado para examinar la contribución del cooperativismo agrario al desarrollo territorial en cuatro dimensiones: productiva, social-comunitaria, político-institucional y participación-movilización.
Autor/es: Rocha, J. C., N. Mazzeo, M. Piaggio and M. Carriquiry
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Ecology and Society, 25 (3):17.
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Autor/es: J. Dumortier; M. Carriquiry; and A. Elobeid
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Energy Policy
Increasing biofuel production over the last decade and biofuel policies in Brazil, the European Union, and the United States have changed the global agricultural landscape in terms of land-use, commodity prices, and trade...
Autor/es: Marc Badia-Miró; Julio Martínez-Galarraga; Esteban A. Nicolini; Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat; Henry Willebald
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Investigaciones en Historia Económica.
En este artículo se analiza por primera vez el crecimiento y la evolución de la desigualdad regional a lo largo del proceso de desarrollo económico de nueve países de Latinoamérica (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela) entre 1895 y 2010. Para ello, en primer lugar se verifica la presencia de un proceso de β-convergencia entre los países latinoamericanos para la totalidad del periodo. No obstante, se muestra cómo este proceso fue especialmente intenso durante los periodos en los que los diferentes Estados implementaron políticas activas de desarrollo (ISI) que favorecieron la convergencia entre las regiones de un mismo país. En segundo lugar, se estudia la sigma-convergencia tomando como unidad de análisis el conjunto de regiones que componen estos nueve países. Se muestra cómo la desigualdad económica regional ha seguido una evolución en forma de N a lo largo del periodo analizado. En particular, Latinoamérica registró un incremento en la desigualdad regional desde finales del siglo xix hasta el periodo de entreguerras. Sin embargo, desde el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta la crisis de la década de 1970 se registró un notable proceso de convergencia regional. Finalmente, los cambios en el consenso político y económico internacional en la década de 1980 marcaron el inicio de una nueva etapa de crecimiento de la desigualdad regional latinoamericana.
Autor/es: Moraes María Inés.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Historia agraria: Revista de agricultura e historia rural
En este documento se analiza la historiografía uruguaya sobre temas agrarios y rurales desde 1970 hasta la actualidad. No es un directorio de autores o contribuciones, ni presenta indicadores bibliométricos para describir la historiografía agraria de Uruguay. El argumento central de este artículo es que el auge y la caída de la historiografía rural uruguaya describen el ciclo de vida de lo que Imre Lakatos llamó un programa de investigación (Lakatos, 1983).
Autor/es: Moraes María Inés
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Mundo Agrario
Este trabajo discute, con base en resultados de investigación y en un esquema analítico desarrollado por el antropólogo Tim Ingold, el punto de vista que ordena la historia de la tecnología ganadera rioplatense en una secuencia lineal de etapas evolutivas.
Autor/es: Moraes, María Inés.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Revista de Historia Económica - Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History
This paper gathers information on the diet of the people of Montevideo. It puts forward some hypotheses regarding the caloric intake of the plebeian and non-elite social groups, introduces two Laspeyres indexes of food prices for Montevideo in 1760-1810, analyses the movements of food prices in Montevideo in this period and compares the case of Montevideo with neighbouring cities.
Autor/es: Lopes, M. A., Moraes, M. I., & Wilcox, R.
Fecha: 2020
Editorial: Mundo Agrario
Hoy día es común encontrar en las páginas de los periódicos sumarios de investigaciones acerca de losefectos deletéreos de la actividad ganadera para el medioambiente, la salud pública y los animales.
Fecha: 2019
Editorial: Management Research. Vol 17. N°4.
This paper aims to analyze the relationship between inter-firm collaboration network and the type of innovation strategies that can be followed by firms: buy or make innovation. In particular, the authors seek to analyze which are the network topologies that facilitate firms following a buy innovation strategy compared to those network properties that encourage internal R&D activities.
Autor/es: Leonel Muinelo-Gallo, Joana Urraburu Bordon , Pablo Castro Scavone
Fecha: 2019
Editorial: Revista de la CEPAL N° 129
En este artículo se analiza el rol de las transferencias intergubernamentales a partir de un análisis empírico aplicado a un grupo de regiones (departamentos) del Uruguay durante el período 2006-2014.
Fecha: 2019
Editorial: Education Economics
This paper examines whether opportunity of access to public university has improved over the period 2008–2013 in Uruguay;
Autor/es: Guillermo Lezama, Henry Willebald
Fecha: 2019
Editorial: The review of income and wealth
We propose different alternatives of inequality estimation for economies with a big agricultural sector where land is a decisive factor in income generation and where we do not have enough information about personal earnings.
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