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Bérgolo, Marcelo

 
Publicaciones
Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Galván, Estefanía
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo
Fecha: 2014
This article studies how social insurance programs shape individual's incentives to take up registered employment and to report earnings to the tax authorities. The analysis is based on a social insurance reform in Uruguay that extended healthcare coverage to the dependent children of registered private-sector workers. The identification strategy relies on a comparison between individuals with and without dependent children before and after the reform. The reform increased benefit-eligible registered employment by 1.6 percentage points (about 5% above the pre-reform level), mainly due to an increase in labor force participation rather than to movement from unregistered to registered employment. The shift was greater for parents with younger children and for cohabiting adults whose partners' jobs did not provide the couples' children with access to the benefit. Finally, the reform increased the incidence of underreporting of salaried earnings by about 4 percentage points (25% higher than the pre-reform level), mostly for workers employed at small firms. The increase in fiscal revenue from higher levels of registered employment was several orders of magnitude greater than the loss of revenue due to an increase in underreporting.
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Alejo, Javier Carbajal, Fedora
Fecha: 2014
En el decenio de los 2000 la desigualdad del ingreso en la América Latina se redujo. Este artículo aplica una variante de la metodología de descomposición no paramétrica propuesta por Barros et al (2006, 2007) para evaluar la importancia de las fuentes de ingreso de los hogares, en particular la aportación de las transferencias públicas, en los cambios en la desigualdad de ingresos en los años 2000 en los países del Cono Sur: Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay. Los resultados sugieren que los ingresos no laborales tuvieron una contribución significativa en los cambios en la desigualdad y que este efecto fue explicado principalmente por la consecuencia igualadora que tuvieron las fuentes públicas en los cuatro países analizados. La dinámica de los cambios en esta fuente de ingreso y su efecto en la desigualdad estuvo fuertemente asociada con la instrumentación o expansión de programas de transferencia no contributivos en el pasado decenio
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo
Fecha: 2013
Several countries in Latin America are expanding their social-protection systems. There is an on-going debate about the trade-offs implied by these expansions, and by the resulting interactions between contributory and non-contributory programmes with informality in the labour market. This article analyses the potential incentive effects for formal and informal employment from a set of social-protection reforms implemented in Uruguay in the 1990s and 2000s. It presents empirical evidence of the expansion of health insurance to formal workers' dependants, and finds that this reform significantly increased formal employment. Finally, it discusses possible alternatives to extend social-protection systems while maintaining incentives for formal work in Latin America's labour markets.
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo
Fecha: 2013
This study contributes to the policy dabate on the consequence of the expansion of social safety nets in Latin America region by analyzing the potential effects on informality of recent extension of health coverage to the dependants of formal workers (i.e., to be registered and contribute to the social security system) in Uruguay as part of a 2008 policy reform.
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Cruces, Guillermo; Ham, Andrés
Fecha: 2012
This article carries out a validation exercise of vulnerability measures as predictors of poverty at the aggregate and micro levels based on short and long term panel data for Argentina and Chile. It then compares their performance to that of deprivation indicators. The main findings indicate that while vulnerability measures are good predictors of poverty in the aggregate, the same does not occur at household level.
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Leites, Martín , Salas, Gonzalo
Fecha: 2010
En este artículo se discute el concepto de pobreza desde dos enfoques, el monetario y el de las capacidades y funcionamientos.
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Autor/es: Bérgolo, Marcelo , Carbajal, Fedora
Fecha: 2010
This paper analyzes the differences in real hourly labor income (RHLI) distributions between urban and rural workers for Uruguay in 2006. A quantile regression decomposition technique is applied in order to examine the urban-rural gap across the entire RHLI distribution. The urban-rural gap was primarily explained by the differences in the distribution of covariates along the entire distribution. Differences in distribution of returns favored the rural workers in most of the RHLI distribution although its contribution decreased across quantiles. The resulting gap in returns was most relevant for the worst off rural workers compared to the urban counterparts in both Montevideo and the rest of the urban centers.
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“Educación: resultados de mediano plazo del programa de Escuelas de Tiempo Completo”
Taller a cargo de Alina Machado

Jueves 14/12. 14hs.
Salón Multifuncional, FCEA

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