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DIE 01/13 - Evolución de la segregación ocupacional y su impacto en las brechas salariales de género

ISSNISSN/ISBN: 2301-1963
AutorAuthor/s: Katzkowicz Junio, Sharon; Querejeta, Martina
Nº of PagesNº of Pages: 33
This paper analyzes the evolution of gender occupational segregation between 2001 and 2011and its influence on the wage gap during the period 2007-2011 to Uruguay.
Through the construction and analysis of the Duncan index the results indicates an overall decrease in gender occupational segregation. The decomposition of the index shows that the decline is due more to changes in the occupational structure than to changes in the occupations gender composition.
On the other hand, following the methodology proposed by Macpherson y Hirsch (1995), the paper studies the link between the wage gap and occupational segregation. Higher salaries are perceived in integrated occupations than in segregated. In turn, the wages of men are higher than women, except in the most feminized occupations. This evidence indicate noncompliance with the crowding hypothesis for Uruguay.
Finally, through the decomposition proposed by Oaxaca (1973) and Blinder (1973) this paper evidences that discrimination was established as the sole determinant of the gender wage gap in favor of men.
 
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