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DIE 02/22 - Pobreza subjetiva: una primera aproximación para el caso uruguayo

ISSNISSN/ISBN: 2301-1963
AutorAuthor/s: Scalesse, Federico

This research analyzes the different approaches to subjective poverty and its link with the more traditional notion of poverty, the absolute poverty. Using new data for Uruguay from the 2016-2017 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, two subjective poverty measures are estimated, and these measures are compared with that of absolute poverty. The first subjective poverty measure is based on the estimation of a subjective poverty line, which takes as input the response of households to the so-called “minimum income question”, which reflects the perception about the minimum income essential for the household to make ends meet. The other measure of subjective poverty is directly based on the self-perception of households. Both measures are compared with each other and with the absolute poverty measure. Finally, through the estimation of a multinomial probit model, the factors associated with the discrepancies in the classifications from the different measures are analyzed. The probability of discrepancies between the measures is affected by the characteristics of the household members (unemployment, informality, education and immigration), characteristics of the dwelling and the household (number of rooms, presence and number of minors, source of energy used for cooking and heating, possession of comfort elements and region of residence), participation in social programs (food baskets, community feeding centers, Uruguay Social Card) and the living conditions of the reference group (unemployment rate and average consumption of the group). Thus, the work highlights the importance of various aspects beyond income when it comes to approaching the phenomenon of poverty in a more complete way.

 
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