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DIE 04/22 - Privaciones de vivienda en Uruguay: un análisis desde el enfoque de la tenencia segura

ISSNISSN/ISBN: 2301-1963
AutorAuthor/s: Aniotz, Yanina

This study assesses the security of tenure in Uruguay, integrating it into a multidimensional analysis of housing deprivation. Using data from the 2016/17 expenditure survey (ENGIH) and the official household surveys (ECH) for 2006-2019, different indicators of tenure security are constructed, considering occupancy condition (type of tenure) and the economic sustainability in access to the dwelling (ratio approach and residual focus). At the same time, following the Alkire and Foster methodology, a Multidimensional Index of Housing Deprivation is constructed, which includes, in addition to security of tenure, four additional dimensions: materiality, availability of adequate spaces, access to basic services and to comfort elements. In terms of secure tenure, the results show that for 2016/2017, approximately one of every three households presented deprivation and its incidence has increased slightly in the period analysed. Significant differences between geographic areas and income groups are also identified. Likewise, although throughout the period under analysis it creased approximately ten percentage points, in 2019 15.8% of households experienced housing multidimensional poverty. Of the five dimensions considered, security of tenure is the most widespread problem among households and its contribution to multidimensional poverty in housing has increased in the period studied, mainly due to improvements in the other dimensions.

 
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