Grupos de Investigación

Economic structure and key sectors analysis of greenhouse gas emissions in Uruguay

ISSNAño: 2014
AutorAutor/es: Alcántara, Vicent; Padilla, Emilio
EditorialEditorial: Economic Systems Research, Vol. 26, Nº 2
Nº de PáginasNº de Páginas: 155-176
Using input–output analysis, we identify the key sectors in greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions of the Uruguayan economy.
The responsibilities of each sector in terms of its emissions are
decomposed into an own component, generated during the activities of the
sector, and an indirect component, generated by the induced activities in
other sectors. This has important implications for the design of mitigation
polices, as the appropriate policy measures are contingent on the nature of
the pollution. Technical improvements and best practices are effective only
when applied to directly polluting sectors, while demand policies may be
more appropriate for indirectly polluting sectors. In addition, we analyze
pollution generated during the production of exports. The results show that
demand policies are going to be effective in the Building, the Hotel and
restaurants, and the Wholesale and retail trade; and repair of motor
vehicles and motorcycles sectors. These policies complement GHG emissions’
mitigation policies in directly polluting sectors (mainly the Cattle
farming and the transport-related sectors). Finally, methane and nitrous
oxide emissions are mainly the consequence of production for exports, while
carbon dioxide emissions are mainly driven by production for domestic
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