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El Contralor de Exportaciones e Importaciones en Uruguay (1941-1959)

ISSNISSN/ISBN: 1688-8561
ISSNYear: 2017
EditorialEditorial: Revista Uruguaya de Historia Económica, VII (11): 43-72
Nº of PagesNº of Pages: 43-72
During de period 1931-1959, the Uruguayan economy was characterized by the state’s role in economic and social matters and the adoption of measures (approving regulations, creation of public and public-private agencies and organisms, etc.) to implement state dirigisme. Of special relevance, was the defense of the local currency and the management of all currencies that entered the country through the sale of exports. In this regard, the Exchange Control System was implemented in May, 1931. One of the pillars of this administrative structure was the Controller of Exports and Imports, created in early 1941, after 10 years of a succession of various offices and agencies in charge of the management of foreign trade and in the allocation of all foreign exchange originated from the export of goods. This document analyzes the institutional context of the Controller of Changes towards the beginning of the 1940, when it was consolidated, with the creation of the Controller of Exports and Imports (January, 1941). In particular, it analyzes the management and proceedings of this institution that acted until the end of 1959, when the exchange control system, in its purest state, was abolished, with the enactment of the “Exchange and Monetary Reform Law” (Law Nº 12,670, December 1959).
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