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Family Allowances and Child School Attendance. An ex-ante Evaluation of Alternative Schemes in Uruguay

En Child welfare in developing countries
Family Allowances and Child School Attendance. An ex-ante Evaluation of Alternative Schemes in Uruguay
ISSNAño: 2010
AutorAutor/es: Arim, Rodrigo , Vigorito, Andrea , Amarante, Verónica
EditorialEditorial: Springer Press, IDRC y PEP

Asignaciones Familiares is a child allowances program that was incepted in Uruguay in 1942 and significantly modified in 2008. The program is focused on children aged 0 to 18 and aims at alleviating poverty and promoting school attendance particularly among teen-agers. This paper presents an ex-ante evaluation on the effects of this reform on teenager school attendance, poverty, inequality and adult labor supply.

Our ex-ante estimated effects indicate that teenage school attendance rates may increase by six to eight percentage points as a result of the new program, and that this change in school attendance shows a progressive pattern. The program also significantly reduces extreme poverty, and to a lesser extent, the intensity and severity of poverty. Effects on poverty incidence and inequality are of small magnitude. Finally, the transfer may influence adult labor supply, inducing a reduction of work hours for household heads and spouses.

 
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