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Research Teams

Labor Economics

 

The group’s main objective is to analyze the state and dynamics of the primary labor market variables, as well as to explore certain topics, such as the links between gender and labor market participation, the evaluation of policies that affect the labor market and the impact of different labor market institutions. The iecon has a long tradition of carrying out labor market studies, and therefore has an extensive accumulation of work in regard to this topic from diverse theoretical perspectives, using both macro and microeconomic approaches.

Concretely, the research projects being carried out focus on: labor supply decisions and informality within the home; active employment policies; the impact of social assistance programs on different variables, particularly on informality; worker participation, labor unions and firm performance; the effects of the minimum wage on employment; and labor costs, dual labor markets and asymmetric shocks.

In addition, the Labor Economics group is in charge of the undergraduate course of the same name at the FCEyA.

Members:

 
  Recent publications in the area
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Author/s: Bérgolo, Marcelo ; Ceni Gonzalez, Rodrigo ; Giaccobasso, Matías; Cruces, Guillermo; Perez-Truglia, Ricardo
Type of Publication : Working Papers
Language: English
Author/s: Dean, Andrés
Type of Publication : Working Papers
Language: Spanish
Type of Publication : Working Papers
Language: English
Author/s: Blanchard, Pablo; Dean, Andrés ; Alves, Guillermo; Burdín, Gabriel
Type of Publication : Working Papers
Language: English
Type of Publication : Working Papers
Language: English
Author/s: Alejo, Javier; Victor Funes
Type of Publication : Articles in Regular Journals
Date: 2019
his working paper explores the effect of joint labor decisions on the study of wage regression models. The estimation of Mincer equations suffers from numerous sources of bias, including the sample selection problem generated by the fact that the agent decision to work is not independent of the wage. Most of the papers corrects this bias using a model of individual labor participation. However, recent trends in the labor market show greater participation of women in the labor force and seem to indicate that the joint decision of the spouses is increasingly relevant in determining the selection mechanism.
Author/s: Alejo, Javier; Galvao, A. y Montes Rojas, G., Z.
Date: 2018
Continuous treatments (e.g., doses) arise often in practice. Methods for estimation and inference for quantile treatment effects models with a continuous treatment are proposed. Identification of the parameters of interest, the dose-response functions and the quantile treatment effects, is achieved under the assumption that selection to treatment is based on observable characteristics. An easy to implement semiparametric two-step estimator, where the first step is based on a flexible Box–Cox model is proposed. Uniform consistency and weak convergence of this estimator are established. Practical statistical inference procedures are developed using bootstrap...
Author/s: Alejo, Javier; Montes Rojas, G. y Sosa Escudero, W.
Date: 2018
This paper proposes a simple hierarchical model and a testing strategy to identify intra-cluster correlations, in the form of nested random effects and serially correlated error components. We focus on intra-cluster serial correlation at different nested levels, a topic that has not been studied in the literature before. A Neyman’s framework is used to derive LM-type tests that allow researchers to identify the appropriate level of clustering as well as the type of intra-group correlation. An extensive Monte Carlo exercise shows that the proposed tests perform well in finite samples and under non-Gaussian distributions.
Author/s: Bérgolo, Marcelo ; Ceni Gonzalez, Rodrigo ; Giaccobasso, Matías; Cruces, Guillermo; Pérez-Truglia, Ricardo
Type of Publication : Articles in Regular Journals
Date: 2018
For some entities, the utility-maximizing evasion rate depends substantially on tax audit features, such as audit probabilities and penalty rates. Bergolo et al. (2017) document large misperceptions about these features. In this paper, we expand the analysis of survey data to explore potential sources of these misperceptions. Of all the channels that we explore, recent contact with audits best explains differences in misperceptions.
Date: 2017
Author/s: Dean, Andrés ; Galván, Estefanía; Perazzo, Ivone ; Joaquín Cardeillac, Matías Carámbula, Agustín Juncal, Bolívar Moreira, Diego Piñeiro
Type of Publication : Book Chapters
Date: 2015
Antecedentes: lo rural, lo agropecuario y la excepcionalidad...
Author/s: Bérgolo, Marcelo ; Galván, Estefanía; Guillermo Cruces
Date: 2015
Marcelo Bergolo, Guillermo Cruces and Estafanía Galvan assess the impact of Uruguay’s means-tested family allowance programme Asignaciones Familiares-Plan de Equidad (AFAM-PE) on labour market outcomes ...
Author/s: Galván, Estefanía; Alma Espino, Soledad Salvador
Date: 2014
Esta investigación fue realizada en el marco del proyecto “Promoviendo el empoderamiento económico de las mujeres a través de mejores políticas”, apoyado y financiado por el Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo (IDRC) de Canadá. La coordinación del proyecto está a cargo del Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios sobre el Desarrollo-Uruguay (CIEDUR) y el Centro de Estudios Distributivos Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) de la Universidad de La Plata, Argentina.
Author/s: Galván, Estefanía; Soledad Salvador
Date: 2013
The aim of this report is to provide a more in-depth study into the distribution of total labour (paid and unpaid) among the members of distinction is made between two-parent, lone-parent and extended within them, based on the sexual and inter-generational division of labour. The cases of Ecuador and Mexico are studied on the basis of time-use, employment and income surveys in both countries.
Author/s: Galván, Estefanía; Moreira, Cecilia ; Daniela Vázquez
Date: 2012
La Comisión de Inversiones y Desarrollo Económico (CIDE), creada el 27 de enero de 1960, tuvo un lugar destacado a lo largo de toda esa década. Con la CIDE se puso en marcha la idea de la planificación económica en Uruguay, entendida como una manera de acabar con el empirismo, la improvisación y la consecución de medidas aisladas en la conducción económica del país, modalidad que debía ser sustituida por el orden y la racionalidad en la toma de decisiones. El fin último de todo su trabajo era alcanzar, utilizando un plan como instrumento, el desarrollo social y económico.
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