Grupos de Investigación

Seminario IECON: "The incidence of affirmative action: Evidence from quotas in private schools in India"

Presenta Mauricio Romero (Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México) en coautoría con Abhijeet Singh.

This paper studies the effects of India’s primary school- integration policy — a 25% quota in private schools for disadvantaged students, whose fees are reimbursed by the state — on direct beneficiaries, and the incidence of these benefits. We combine survey and administrative data from the state of Chhattisgarh and, using the lottery-based allocation of seats, show that receiving a quota seat makes students more likely to attend a private school, attend schools which are more expensive, more preferred by parents, and more likely to offer English-medium instruction. Within eligible caste groups, however, quota applicants are drawn disproportionately from more-educated and economically better-off households, and three-quarters of the applicants who lost the lottery also attended a private school as fee-paying students. Consequently, about 67% of the total expenditure per quota seat is inframarginal for school choice. Using rich survey data on parental preferences and subjective expectations, and a follow-up randomized intervention to provide application support, we find regressive selection is not primarily explained by a lack of demand or spatial segregation. Rather, information constraints, application frictions, and the lack of documentation appear central. Fully addressing regressive selection would require simultaneously solving these multiple frictions.

Martes 19/7/2022
12 a 13 hs.
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